Publications iconKansas Register

Volume 40 - Issue 43 - October 28, 2021

State of Kansas

Board of Emergency Medical Services

Permanent Administrative Regulations

Article 3.—STANDARDS FOR AMBULANCE ATTENDANTS, FIRST RESPONDERS, AND DRIVERS

109-3-3. Emergency medical responder; authorized activities. Each emergency medical responder shall be authorized to perform any intervention specified in K.S.A. 65-6144, and amendments thereto, and as further specified in this regulation:

(a) Emergency vehicle operations:

(1) Operating each ambulance in a safe manner in nonemergency and emergency situations. “Emergency vehicle” shall mean ambulance, as defined in K.S.A. 65-6112 and amendments thereto; and

(2) stocking an ambulance with supplies in accordance with regulations adopted by the board and the ambulance service’s approved equipment list to support local medical protocols;

(b) initial scene management:

(1) Assessing the scene, determining the need for additional resources, and requesting these resources;

(2) identifying a multiple-casualty incident and implementing the local multiple-casualty incident management system;

(3) recognizing and preserving a crime scene;

(4) triaging patients, utilizing local triage protocols;

(5) providing safety for self, each patient, other emergency personnel, and bystanders;

(6) utilizing methods to reduce stress for each patient, other emergency personnel, and bystanders;

(7) communicating with public safety dispatchers and medical control facilities;

(8) providing a verbal report to receiving personnel;

(9) providing a written report to receiving personnel;

(10) completing a prehospital care report;

(11) setting up and providing patient and equipment decontamination;

(12) using personal protection equipment;

(13) practicing infection control precautions;

(14) moving patients without a carrying device; and

(15) moving patients with a carrying device;

(c) patient assessment and stabilization:

(1) Obtaining consent for providing care;

(2) communicating with bystanders, other health care providers, and patient family members while providing patient care;

(3) communicating with each patient while providing care; and

(4) assessing the following: blood pressure manually by auscultation or palpation or automatically by noninvasive methods; heart rate; level of consciousness; temperature; pupil size and responsiveness to light; absence or presence of respirations; respiration rate; and skin color, temperature, and condition;

(d) cardiopulmonary resuscitation and airway management:

(1) Applying cardiac monitoring electrodes;

(2) performing any of the following:

(A) Manual cardiopulmonary resuscitation for an adult, child, or infant, using one or two attendants;

(B) cardiopulmonary resuscitation using a mechanical device;

(C) postresuscitative care to a cardiac arrest patient;

(D) cricoid pressure by utilizing the sellick maneuver;

(E) head-tilt maneuver or chin-lift maneuver, or both;

(F) jaw thrust maneuver;

(G) modified jaw thrust maneuver for injured patients;

(H) modified chin-lift maneuver;

(I) mouth-to-barrier ventilation;

(J) mouth-to-mask ventilation;

(K) mouth-to-mouth ventilation;

(L) mouth-to-nose ventilation;

(M) mouth-to-stoma ventilation;

(N) manual airway maneuvers; or

(O) manual upper-airway obstruction maneuvers, including patient positioning, finger sweeps, chest thrusts, and abdominal thrusts; and

(3) suctioning the oral and nasal cavities with a soft or rigid device;

(e) control of bleeding, by means of any of the following:

(1) Elevating the extremity;

(2) applying direct pressure;

(3) utilizing a pressure point;

(4) applying a tourniquet;

(5) utilizing the trendelenberg position; or

(6) applying a pressure bandage;

(f) extremity splinting, by means of any of the following:

(1) Soft splints;

(2) anatomical extremity splinting without return to position of function;

(3) manual support and stabilization; or

(4) vacuum splints;

(g) spinal immobilization, by means of any of the following:

(1) Cervical collar;

(2) full-body immobilization device;

(3) manual stabilization;

(4) assisting an EMT, an AEMT, or a paramedic with application of an upper-body spinal immobilization device;

(5) helmet removal; or

(6) rapid extrication;

(h) oxygen therapy by means of any of the following:

(1) Humidifier;

(2) nasal cannula;

(3) non-rebreather mask;

(4) partial rebreather mask;

(5) regulators;

(6) simple face mask;

(7) blow-by;

(8) using a bag-valve-mask with or without supplemental oxygen; or

(9) ventilating an inserted supraglottic or subglottic airway;

(i) administration of medications according to the board’s “approved medication list,” dated June 4, 2021, which is hereby adopted by reference;

(j) recognizing and complying with advanced directives by making decisions based upon a do-not-resuscitate order, living will, or durable power of attorney for health care decisions; and

(k) providing the following techniques for preliminary care:

(1) Cutting of the umbilical cord;

(2) irrigating the eyes of foreign or caustic materials;

(3) bandaging the eyes;

(4) positioning the patient based on situational need;

(5) securing the patient on transport devices;

(6) restraining a violent patient, if technician or patient safety is threatened;

(7) disinfecting the equipment and ambulance;

(8) disposing of contaminated equipment, including sharps and personal protective equipment, and material;

(9) decontaminating self, equipment, material, and ambulance;

(10) following medical protocols for declared or potential organ retrieval;

(11) participating in the quality improvement process;

(12) providing EMS education to the public; and

(13) providing education on injury prevention to the public. (Authorized by K.S.A. 2020 Supp. 65-6111; implementing K.S.A. 65-6144; effective March 9, 2012; amended May 5, 2017; amended Jan. 24, 2020; amended Nov. 12, 2021.)

109-3-5. Advanced emergency medical technician; authorized activities. Each advanced emergency medical technician shall be authorized to perform any intervention specified in the following:

(a) K.S.A. 65-6144, and amendments thereto, and as further specified in K.A.R. 109-3-3;

(b) K.S.A. 65-6121, and amendments thereto, and as further specified in K.A.R. 109-3-4; and

(c) K.S.A. 65-6120, and amendments thereto, and as further specified in the following paragraphs:

(1) Advanced airway management, except for endotracheal intubation; and

(2) administration of patient-assisted and nonpatient-assisted medications according to the board’s “approved medication list,” which is adopted by reference in K.A.R. 109-3-3. (Authorized by K.S.A. 2020 Supp. 65-6111; implementing K.S.A. 2020 Supp. 65-6120; effective March 9, 2012; amended Nov. 2, 2012; amended Aug. 29, 2014; amended Nov. 12, 2021.)

Joseph House
Executive Director

Doc. No. 049529